Diabetes and Pre-Diabetes

Pre-Diabetes and Type II Diabetes used to occur when people were in their 60s or older, when they let themselves go, quit being as active and ate unhealthy. Now it is occurring in children due to our poor eating habits and lack of activity in our lives early on.

Type II Diabetes is a chronic condition that affects the way your body metabolizes sugar (glucose) – your body’s main source of fuel. When you have Type II Diabetes your body is resistant to the effects of insulin – a hormone in our bodies that regulates the movement of sugar into our cells. Or our bodies don’t produce enough insulin to maintain a normal glucose level.

What is Pre-Diabetes?

In pre-diabetes, blood sugar levels are higher than normal but not high enough for a diagnosis of diabetes. Many people with pre-diabetes develop Type II Diabetes within 10 years.

How do you diagnose Pre-Diabetes and Type II Diabetes?

By a simple blood test. If on two occasions your fasting blood sugar (measured by a blood test) is 125 or greater you have diabetes.

If your fasting blood surgar is between 100-125 you have pre-diabetes or impaired fasting glucose.

There are other lab tests available to determine if you have diabetes; but, the fasting blood sugar remains the gold standard.

FBG (Fasting Blood Sugar) > 126 Diabetes

FBG (Fasting Blood Sugar) 100-125 Pre-Diabetes

What are the Symptoms of Type II Diabetes?

Early in the process (Pre-Diabetes or Type II Diabetes) when the blood sugar is in the 120s-130s you most likely will not have symptoms. that is why it is important to know your blood fasting sugar numbers. However, if it goes untreated symptoms include:

  • Increase in need to urinate
  • Often feeling hungry or thirsty
  • Weight loss
  • Blurred vision
  • Tingling/Numbness in hands/feet
  • Slow-healing sores
  • Infections

These signs and symptoms are caused by high blood sugar. In time, they can lead to much more serious health problems. which include heart disease, stroke, high blood pressure, kidney damage and need for dialysis, eye problems leading to blindness and nerve damage thus allowing for an injury to go unnoticed and may lead to amputation. But, if you manage your blood sugar now, you may reduce your risk of having these health issues.

How do I prevent Diabetes or gain better control of my Diabetes?

  • Eat Healthy– Avoid simple carbohydrates and simple sugars
  • Be more active – walk instead of driving. Take the stairs, work in the garden, rake the leaves, park further away and get 30 minutes of aerobic activity in daily.
  • Get to and maintain your ideal weight
  • Assess your eyes regularly – Complete yearly eye exams
  • Assess your feet daily – look for sores or discoloration, avoid going barefoot
  • Take your medication as recommended
  • Follow up with your healthcare provider regularly to assess your control of your diabetes

Dr James O’Keefe discusses with Fox4 News, the new options on diabetes.  You can view this story at:


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